The English rose is essentially associated with David Austin, an English rose breeder. His name is also carried by the David Austin rose, which is more of a collective name, as throughout his work he introduced over 190 roses to the public, all of which are linked to his name. He named his roses after geographical landmarks of England, historical events, and in tribute to British writers and their characters.
Characteristics of English roses
The main characteristic of English roses is their large rose head composed of numerous velvety petals. Some varieties, such as William Shakespeare and Teasing Georgia, have over 100 petals per flower. It is common for their flowers to have multiple petals and resemble the roses of historical times. They look exceptionally beautiful in border beds, as well as adding color to smaller plant groups. When pruned to form standard trees, they can be a splendid adornment for gardens and parks.
English Rose – Caring
English rose varieties bloom from mid-summer to late autumn. They bloom in multiple waves and require generous watering during this time. It is advisable to fertilize the soil twice a year with fertilizer. These rose varieties prefer sunlight, although they can be planted in partial shade, ensuring they receive at least 4-5 hours of sunlight. It is not recommended to plant them directly against a wall, as they do not tolerate direct exposure to light and rain shadow well.
Pruning the David Austin rose
It can be trained as a bush, standard rose, or even a climbing rose through pruning. Some varieties recommended for bush roses can also be trained as climbing roses. With vigorous pruning, it can be shaped into a medium-sized bush, while light pruning can result in a moderately tall climbing rose. In the latter case, providing support is necessary. When pruning for a climbing rose, it is advisable to remove weak, thin shoots from the base to allow it to cover a pergola more quickly. It can also be shaped into a low hedge. Removing faded flowers is also recommended to promote further blooming.
Varieties of English Roses
With nearly 200 rose varieties, here are just a few examples without claiming completeness: Boscobel, Strawberry Hill, Munstead Wood, Darcey Bussell, Mary Rose, Falstaff, Heathcliff, Sir John Betjeman, Benjamin Britten, Princess Anne, England’s Rose, Lady Emma Hamilton.
The following are examples of varieties that can also be trained as climbing roses: Crown Princess Margareta, St. Swithun, Gertrude Jekyll, Graham Thomas, Teasing Georgia, A Shropshire Lad, Tess of The d’Urbervilles, The Gorgeous Gardener, The Pilgrim.
Purchasing David Austin Roses
Many varieties of English roses can be found in most nurseries, and it’s worth selecting from them. They provide excellent focal points even in small gardens with their elegance and formal impact.
Can a English Rose grow with cutting produce flowers?
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