Propagating roses can be done not only by grafting. One of the simplest methods is rooting or cutting. It is advisable to do this in the summer because roses root best when kept in semi-shade, under a glass cover.
Step-by-step guide to propagating roses from cuttings
Propagation by cuttings is an asexual method used to reproduce roses. As a result , the flowers of the propagated roses will closely resemble those of the parent plant, maintaining their exact characteristics.
- Choose a rose stem for propagation that already has a flower in bloom or is about to bloom. If it is currently blooming, trim off the flower. This is important because a stem that has not previously bloomed may not have properly hardened off, making it more difficult to root. We recommend selecting a stem that is at least 20-25 centimeters long and removing the leaves from the lower 15 centimeters.
- Place the cut stem into a pot filled with nutrient-rich soil mixed with sand, burying it deep so that the 15-centimeter leafless portion is underground. For watering, you can use water mixed with a fungicide for added protection.
- Cover the pot with a large, 5-liter glass jar. This will provide the necessary humidity. Some people use a plastic bag to cover the cutting, but the condensation can cause the bag to stick to the leaves and lead to leaf diseases.
- Position the pot with the glass jar in a semi-shaded area, or partially bury the pot in the ground. In the latter case, the glass jar will be more stable, and the soil in the pot will be less likely to overheat in hot weather.
If the cutting under the glass cover develops new leaves and starts to grow, then the rooting process has been successful. At this point, you can remove the glass cover and gradually acclimate the plant to sunnier conditions over the course of one to two weeks. Plant it in its final location only after this period.
Propagating roses in newspaper
The steps for rooting roses in newspaper are as follows:
- wrap the 15-20 cm long rose cuttings tightly in newspaper after removing the leaves.
- dampen the newspaper packages by briefly dipping them under water, then place them in a larger plastic bag.
- place the bag in a dark, cool place for two weeks to initiate rooting.
- after the two-week period, the cuttings that have started to root can be planted in pots. Pay attention to placing the lower end of the cutting, which was the base when it was cut, at the bottom of the pot.
- continue nurturing them in a moist, sunny, warm location.
Propagation using this method should be done in spring or early summer, as the cuttings need to strengthen and mature to survive the winter. This method is considerably simpler than traditional rooting, but it may have lower success rates.
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