Rosa alba

Rosa alba, also known as the White Rose of York, is a beautiful hybrid rose variety with stunning flowers. It is native to Europe and was the white rose of the York family during the War of the Roses in England. The original species is a cultivated variation of Rosa gallica. It is possible that it was originally cultivated for the sweet scent of its flowers, but today it is also known as a winter-hardy garden shrub. Cultivated variations have white or pink flowers and generally have many petals. Hybrid varieties have also been created with red or yellow flowers.

The appearance of Rosa alba

The main characteristic of Rosa alba is its white or cream-colored flowers, which often have a subtle pink hue. The flowers are fragrant, and the petals can be double. However, some varieties have simpler blooms. The bush of Rosa alba is typically of medium size, and the stems are slightly thorny.

Rosa alba usually blooms during the summer months, from June to July. The flowering period is relatively short, but the beauty of the flowers compensates for it. It is excellent for decorating borders and covering larger areas.


Rosa alba is generally planted in the autumn or spring season. Before planting, it is advisable to prepare the soil thoroughly, enrich it with nutrients, and provide a suitable location for the plant. It prefers a sunny to partially shaded spot. The mature rose bush can reach a height of 0.5-1 meter.

Caring for Rosa alba

This variety of rose is relatively easy to care for. It thrives in sunny or partially sunny areas and performs best in well-draining soil. It requires regular watering, especially during dry periods. Since Rosa alba may be susceptible to black spot disease, it is important to provide preventive spraying and ensure disease-free soil.

Pruning of the rose is done after flowering, either in autumn or early spring. During pruning, diseased or dead branches are removed, as well as weak or crossing branches. Healthy branches can be pruned back by about half to stimulate new growth and flowering.

Rosa alba is generally resistant to diseases, but under certain conditions, it can be susceptible to black spot disease and mites. Regular observation and care are important to maintain the plant’s health.


This rose variety can be obtained in nurseries, rose gardens, and online plant stores. It is important to ensure that healthy plants are purchased.

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