Rose pruning is an important care task that promotes abundant flowering and the growth of new shoots in the plant. It also allows for the removal of dead and diseased stems. The shaping of different rose varieties can also be achieved through pruning. The following tools are necessary for pruning roses: pruning shears, long-handled pruners (for tall bushes), and thick gloves.
Some tips before rose pruning:
- Always use clean, sharp tools.
- Ensure that the interior of the rose bush receives sufficient sunlight.
- Perform the pruning at a 45-degree angle, never at a 90-degree angle.
- Trim the stems until the interior is no longer white.
- Do not leave weak, thin pencil-like shoots on the bushes.
- Remove all diseased or dead stems.
- It is advisable to destroy the diseased branches to prevent reinfection.
Rose pruning – When to cut back roses?
The pruning of most roses is weather-dependent, but it generally takes place in spring. It can be done from the end of February until mid-April, after the frosty weather has passed. When the leaf buds begin to swell and turn reddish, the work can begin. The actual pruning should be done while the rose is in its dormant state. Summer pruning should be ongoing, as the flowers fade, they should be cut back to promote abundant flowering.
How to prune roses?
Tea hybrid rose varieties are the most delicate when it comes to pruning. If we are not familiar with the rose variety, it is worth observing the plant throughout an entire season. Pruning should still be done while it is in its dormant state. However, if the plant blooms early, it should only be pruned after flowering.
Continuous blooming roses and Floribunda: These roses bloom best on the newly grown shoots of the current year. Prune the stems in spring and remove old woody canes. Leave 3-5 healthy canes evenly distributed around the plant. Cut them to varying heights, ranging from 46 cm to 61 cm, to promote continuous flowering.
Tea hybrid varieties: These also bloom on new growth and should be pruned in early spring. Remove any dead or weak branches. Shape them into a vase-like form using the remaining canes, removing the central stems and any inward-growing branches. Then reduce the length of the remaining canes by 1.30 cm to 46-61 cm. Leave the older, stronger canes slightly longer than the new shoots.
For miniature roses, you mostly need to remove the faded flowers. If there are no diseased or dead branches and you don’t want to change its shape, further pruning is not necessary.
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