The shrub roses are vigorous shrubs that usually exceeds 1 meter in height, although there are also shorter, ground-covering varieties. It has larger flowers compared to the park rose, but the overall flower yield is smaller. It produces 1-3, occasionally 5, large-sized flowers on each stem, as they bloom in clusters of multiple flowers rather than singly like traditional tea roses. Some varieties bloom only once, while others have continuous flowering until autumn. They are best showcased in larger gardens and parks. The shorter, clustered-flower varieties are suitable for hedges or even lining paths.
Planting shrub roses:
- It can be planted at any time of the year if the soil is not frozen, especially in container-grown plants.
- Choose a suitable location for planting.
- It should receive at least 6-8 hours of sunlight, particularly in the morning hours to allow dew to dry off.
- The bush rose is not demanding in terms of soil quality and can thrive even in sandy soil if supplemented with nutrients.
- It is recommended to enrich the planting hole with well-rotted manure.
- Dig a hole larger than the size of the container and thoroughly water it (a hole measuring 60X60X60cm).
- Carefully remove the plant from the container, pressing on the sides of the container to avoid damaging the roots.
- Keep the soil around the roots and place it along with the plant into the prepared hole, then cover with soil and water thoroughly.
- The planting spacing for hedges should be 30-50 cm, with a row spacing of 40 cm. For planting in rose beds, maintain a distance of 50-100 cm between plants.
- The bush rose can tolerate high soil salinity, making it suitable for planting alongside paths.
Caring for a bush rose:
The careful care is rewarded with abundant and long-lasting flowering. Roses require plenty of sunlight, so it is not advisable to plant them even in partial shade as they will not develop properly.
- Ensure proper watering during dry periods.
- It is better to water less frequently, around every 6-7 days, but avoid allowing stagnant water to accumulate.
- To promote richer flowering, it is necessary to provide nutrient supply twice a year – in spring and autumn.
- It is beneficial to plant them alongside lavender as roses are less prone to aphids when planted near lavender.
- Prune the faded flowers just above the second set of five leaves from the top, which helps stimulate the plant for more abundant blooming.
- They tolerate and even benefit from spring pruning.
- They do not require specific pest control measures.
- They can withstand cold temperatures, but protection should be provided when the temperature drops below -7 degrees Celsius.
Bush rose varieties
They are available in a wide range of colors and sizes. Their colors range from white to dusty yellow, and they can be found in various color combinations, except for rainbow and black roses. Two-tone roses can also be grafted onto standard roses, creating a spectacular display with their different color combinations.
Some examples of park rose varieties include Rumba, Samba, Arthur Bell, Christal, Marco, Rosa Szent Margit, and Rosa Kodály Zoltán. By incorporating standard roses, the rose bed can be made multi-tiered, as they stand taller among the shorter park roses and tea roses. They bloom continuously from early summer to late autumn, adding beauty to the garden for a long time.
Purchasing a bush or shrub roses
These varieties are available in almost every nursery. When ordering from an online store, they are usually delivered to your doorstep, which is important to ensure the plants arrive intact. Before planting, place them in water for half a day in a sunny location to replenish any moisture lost during storage and transportation.
For container plants, immerse the entire container in water. Bare-root roses have their roots wrapped in sawdust-filled foil. Remove the foil and gently spread out the roots, then trim them a few centimeters or cut back above any damaged areas.
4 different types of shrub roses:
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