The tea hybrid rose is the highlight of the garden, the queen of roses, but the tea hybrid is not a tea rose. The tea rose (tea hybrid) is the true gem of the garden, the queen of flowers. Tea roses always remain the most beloved flowers due to their elegance and variety. Among our roses, tea roses are the most spectacular, producing much larger and more beautiful flowers compared to climbing and shrub roses.
The tea rose is our most valuable deciduous ornamental shrub. In terms of size, it forms a tall bush (60-120 cm), with vigorous growth and a loose branch structure. Unlike climbing and park roses, tea roses produce a single large fragrant flower at the end of each shoot, usually with double petals.
Tea hybrid rose
They bloom from early summer until frost (from June to november). This type has the widest range of colors, and only our imagination sets limits during the planning process. We should definitely plant them in a central part of the garden where they will be prominently displayed, allowing us to enjoy their fragrance.
Apply pruning in late winter or early spring, and regularly remove the faded parts during summer to promote further growth and abundant flowering. In late autumn, mound up the young stems (cover them with soil about 30 cm high) to protect them from winter frost. Bare-root tea roses can be planted in spring and autumn, while container-grown varieties are available from March until november.
Pruning hybrid tea roses
- Apply spring pruning between late February and April, depending on the weather.
- Cut off diseased and damaged branches and canes.
- Remove the old sections by cutting them back to the base.
- Prune the long, extended shoots above 6-8 buds, the weaker, shorter canes at the base, and the shorter shoots back to 2-3 buds.
- Regularly trim off the faded flowers to encourage the formation of new blooms (summer pruning).
Tea hybrid rose varieties are the best cut rose varieties. Tea hybrids have an elegant and distinctive appearance, typically producing their flowers individually on long, showy stems.
Care of the hybrid tea rose
- Ensure proper watering during dry periods.
- It is better to water them less frequently, about every 6-7 days, but avoid allowing stagnant water to accumulate.
- To promote abundant flowering, it is necessary to fertilize twice a year – in spring and autumn.
- It is advisable to plant them alongside lavender because roses planted near lavender are less prone to aphids.
- Pruning the faded flowers helps stimulate the plant for a more abundant blooming.
Characteristics of tea hybrid rose varieties
Among modern roses, the most spectacular ones are specifically bred for cut flower production. Their stems are strong, and their flowers are large, with long-lasting buds. These are the classic roses sold as cut flowers, but they also thrive in gardens and parks. The main characteristics of tea hybrids are relatively long and less branched flower stems, usually ending in a large, fragrant blossom. Their growth habit is mostly upright, with heights varying by variety, typically ranging from 50 to 100 cm. It is advisable to plant them in a location in the garden where they can stand out as solitary plants, be observed up close, and their fragrance can be enjoyed. The scent of tea hybrid roses is not always intense; some varieties have a gentler aroma, while others fill the garden with a permeating rose fragrance.
Planting tea hybrid roses:
- The potted plant can be planted at any time of the year, except when the ground is frozen.
- Choose a suitable location.
- Ensure it receives at least 5-6 hours of sunlight, preferably in the morning.
- Tea hybrid roses thrive in nutrient-rich, slightly acidic soil, but they can also survive in sandy soil.
- It is recommended to enrich the planting hole with well-rotted manure.
- Dig a hole larger than the size of the pot and water it thoroughly.
- Gently remove the plant from the pot by pressing the sides of the container, taking care not to damage the roots.
- Place the plant, along with the soil around the roots, into the prepared hole, then backfill with soil and water it.
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