The Tea Rose is the pride of the garden, the queen of roses, the most beloved and spectacular flower among roses with its diversity and variety.
Characteristics of the tea rose
It is a 60-120 cm tall, vigorously growing, deciduous ornamental shrub with a loose branch structure. In contrast to climbing and shrub roses, tea roses bear a single large fragrant flower, usually fully double, at the end of long, straight stems. They are considered the best varieties for cut roses. They bloom from early summer until the first autumn frosts. They offer the widest range of colors, including bi-colored roses. Bare-root tea roses can be planted in spring and autumn, while container-grown varieties can be planted from March until november.
Planting a tea rose
- The potted plant can be planted at any time of the year, except when the ground is frozen.
- Choose the location carefully.
- It should receive at least 5-6 hours of sunlight, preferably in the morning.
- Tea roses thrive in nutrient-rich, acidic soil, but they can also survive in sandy soil.
- It is recommended to enrich the planting hole with well-rotted manure.
- Dig a hole larger than the size of the pot and water it well.
- Gently remove the plant from the pot by pressing on the sides of the pot to avoid damaging the roots.
- Keep the soil around the roots and place it in the prepared hole, then cover it with soil and water thoroughly.
It is advisable to plant the tea rose in a central part of the garden where it can be admired and enjoyed for its fragrance.
Caring for a tea rose
- Ensure proper watering during dry periods.
- It is better to water it less frequently, about every 6-7 days, but avoid allowing stagnant water to accumulate.
- To promote abundant flowering, it is necessary to fertilize twice a year – in spring and autumn.
- It is recommended to plant it alongside lavender as the presence of lavender helps prevent aphids on the rose.
- Pruning the faded flowers helps stimulate the plant’s abundant flowering.
- In late autumn, it is advisable to mound the base of the plant (pulling soil up to a height of 30 cm) to protect it from winter frost.
Pruning a tea rose:
- Spring pruning should be done from late February to April, depending on the weather conditions.
- Cut off any diseased, damaged, or dead branches.
- It is advisable to remove the old, aging parts from the base.
- Trim the long, extended shoots above 6-8 buds, the weaker, short stems from the base, and the shorter shoots back to 2-3 buds.
- Summer pruning, which involves removing faded flowers, should be done regularly to promote further blooming.
Characteristics of Tea Hybrid Rose Varieties
Tea hybrid rose varieties are known for being the best varieties for cut roses. They have an elegant and distinctive appearance, typically producing their flowers individually on long, graceful stems.
Among modern roses, they are the most spectacular ones specifically bred for cut flower production. Their stems are strong, and their flowers are large, remaining in bud form for a long time. These classic roses are often sold as cut flowers, but they also thrive in gardens and parks. The main characteristics of tea hybrid roses are relatively long and less branched flower stems, usually culminating in a large, fragrant blossom. Their growth habit is mostly upright, with heights ranging from 50 to 100 cm, depending on the variety. It is recommended to plant them in a location in the garden where they can stand out as solitaires, be observed up close, and their fragrance can be enjoyed. The scent of tea hybrid roses is not always intense, as some varieties have a milder aroma, while others fill the garden with a penetrating rose fragrance.
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